Difference between revisions of "Roulette"

From Math Images
Jump to: navigation, search
Line 43: Line 43:
 
outside
 
outside
 
</balloon> of the rolling circle.
 
</balloon> of the rolling circle.
 +
 +
Example of an '''epicycloid'''
 +
[[Image:Epicycloid.gif|left]] [[Image:Epicycloid2.gif|center]]
 +
<br>
  
 
=== Catenary ===
 
=== Catenary ===
 +
''Explanation Pending''
  
 
=== Involute ===
 
=== Involute ===

Revision as of 09:36, 29 May 2009


Roulette
Roulette.jpg
Field: Geometry
Image Created By: Wolfram MathWorld
Website: Wolfram MathWorld

Roulette

Four different roulettes formed by rolling four different shapes through one fixed point.


Basic Description

Suppose you see a nickel rolling on the sidewalk. Imagine a pen traced the path path of one fixed point on the coin as it rolled. A curve would be created. This curve is called a roulette. The example is depicted below:

Cycloid animated.gif      [[1]]

However, a roulette is not restricted to straight lines and circles. The rolling curve can range from a line to a parabola to a decagon. Similarly, the surface on which this curve rolls on does not have to be a line. It can be a parabola as well, or a circle, among many others. There are a few restrictions that apply:

  • The curve that is not rolling must remain fixed.
  • The point on the rolling curve must remain fixed.
  • Both curves must be differentiable.
  • The curves must be tangent at one point at all times.


There are numerous cases of different roulettes; the most common ones have been named. A few of these have been listed below:

Trochoid

A trochoid is any roulette in which the fixed curve is a line and the rolling curve is a circle.When the pole is on the edge of the rolling circle, then the roulette is called a cycloid. If the pole is inside the rolling circle, then the curve produced is called a curtate cycloid. If the pole is on the outside of the rolling circle, then the curve produced is called a prolate cycloid.

Example of a curtate cycloid

Curtatecycloid.gif
Cycloidc.gif


Hypotrochoid

A hypotrochoid is any roulette in which both the rolling curve and the fixed curve are circles and the rolling circle is on the INSIDE of the fixed circle. The pole can be on the edge , inside , or outside of the rolling circle.

Example of a hypocycloid

Hipoc.gif
Hypotrochoid2 2.gif


Epitrochoid

An epitrochoid is any roulette in which both the rolling and the fixed curve are circles and the rolling circle is on the OUTSIDE of the fixed circle. Like in the previous cases, the pole can be on the edge , inside , or outside of the rolling circle.

Example of an epicycloid

Epicycloid.gif
Epicycloid2.gif


Catenary

Explanation Pending

Involute

An involute is a more complicated roulette in which the rolling curve is a line, and the fixed curve is any curve. The pole, or fixed point on the rolling curve, can be anywhere on the line. In the case of the involute, the line acts as an imaginary string (ending at the pole) and as the line rolls, the string winds in around the curve. The pattern traced by the pole is the roulette.


A roulette is a curve traced by one single point on a shape as it rolls without slipping along another shape, curve, or line.

EmbedVideo does not recognize the video service "tubechop".

Video of a man riding a bike with square-shaped wheels.





Teaching Materials

There are currently no teaching materials for this page. Add teaching materials.









If you are able, please consider adding to or editing this page!


Have questions about the image or the explanations on this page?
Leave a message on the discussion page by clicking the 'discussion' tab at the top of this image page.